Abiotic Problems - Construction/Development Stresses
Living plants suffer when areas are subjected to construction or development activities. Changes in microclimates, altered watersheds, introduced competition, grade changes and chemical pollution of the soil are some of the most common assaults on existing evergreen trees.
Pines: disrupted soil
Pines: leaf scorch
Pines: scorched canopy
Spruce: added layer of soil
White pines: altered environment
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