References and Resources

From Butterfly Gardening by Vera Krischik

There are many good sources for readers interested in obtaining more information on butterflies and butterfly gardening:

Nymphalidae: Peacock butterfly

Saturniidae: Atlas moth

Slide Set

A companion CUES for Butterfly Gardening slide set is available. Contact the Minnesota Extension Service Distribution Center (800/876-8636 or 612/625-8173) for ordering information on item SS-6712.


Anonymous, 1994. Butterflies are free. Country Living Gardener. 2(2):58-61.

Covell, C.V. Jr. 1984. A Field Guide to the Moths of Eastern North America. Peterson Guide Series, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Harter, J. 1979. Animals: 1419 Copyright-Free Illustrations of Mammals, Birds, Fish, Insects, etc. Dover Publications, New York. 282 pp.

Hubbell, S. 1995. They’re as colorful as fireworks and lots less dangerous. Smithsonian 26(3):114-124.

Nymphalidae: Lesser Fritillaries


Opler, P.A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 396 pp.

Pyle, R.M. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. Knopf, New York.

Pyle, R.M. 1984. The Audubon Society Handbook for Butterfly Watchers: A Guide to Observing, Identifying, Studying, and PhotographingButterflies. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

Schneck, M. 1993. Creating a Butterfly Garden: A Guide to Attracting and Identifying Visitors. Quarto Publishing, London. 80 pp.

Sedenko, J. 1991. The Butterfly Garden: Creating Beautiful Gardens to Attract Butterflies. Villard Books, New York.

Stokes, D, L. Stokes and E. Williams. 1991. The Butterfly Book: An Easy Guide to Butterfly Gardening, Identification and Behavior. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 96 pp.

Villard, P. 1975. Moths and How to Rear Them. Dover Publications, New York. 242 pp.

Weller, S. 1995. What is a butterfly? The mystery of butterfly origins. Imprint 7(3):1-5. James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota.

Xerces Society. 1990. Butterfly Gardening: Creating Summer Magic in Your Garden. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 192 pp.



Butterfly Lovers International, 210 Columbus Ave., San Francisco, CA 94133, (415) 864-1169.

Entomological Society of America, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham MD 20706-3115, (301) 731-4535.

Lepidoptera Research Foundation, c/o Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2559 Puesta Del Sol, Santa Barbara CA 93105-2936, (803) 682-4711.

Lepidopterists’ Society, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Blvd., Los Angeles CA 90007-4057, (213) 744-3364.

National Wildlife Federation, Urban Wildlife Programs, 1400 16th St. NW, Washington DC 20036-2217, (202) 797-6800.

North American Butterfly Association, 4 Delaware Rd., Morristown NJ, 07960-5725, (201) 285-0890.

Xerces Society, 10 Southwest Ash St., Portland OR 97204-3516, (503) 222-2788.

Young Entomologists’ Society, International Headquarters, 1915 Peggy Pl., Lansing MI 48910-2553, (517) 887-0499.


The national insect of the United States, the Monarch (Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus) annually migrates by the millions to overwinter in Mexico.


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