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CUES: Center for Urban Ecology and Sustainability

Black Vine Weevil Biology and Management
Journal of the American Rhododendron Society

Richard S. Cowles
Conn. Agric. Expt. Station, Valley Lab.
P. O. Box 248
Windsor, CT 06095
Phone (860)683-4983
Fax (860)683-4987

  • Bedding, R. A.; Miller, L. A.. Use of a nematode, Heterorhabditis heliothidis, to control black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, in potted plants. Ann. Appl. Biol; 99: 211-216; 1981.

  • Blackshaw, R. P. Studies on the chemical control of vine weevil larvae in hardy-ornamental nursery stock. J. Horticult. Sci. 62: 63-66; 1987.

  • Buxton, J. H.; Cross, J. V.; Emmett, B. J.; Saynor, M. Control of vine weevil with controlled release chlorpyrifos granules in containerised nursery stock. Brighton Crop Protection Conference; pp. 1229-1234; 1992.

  • Cram, W. T. Fecundity of the root weevils, Brachyrhinus sulcatus and Sciopithes obscurus on strawberry at different conditions of host plant nutrition. Can. J. Plant Sci. 45: 219-225; 1965.

  • Cram, W. T. Incongruity between larvae and adults in the acceptability of highbush blueberry cultivars by the black vine weevil. J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 67: 17; 1970.

  • Cram, W. T.; Pearson, W. D. Fecundity of the black vine weevil, Brachyrhinus sulcatus (F.), fed foliage of blueberry, cranberry, and weeds from peat bogs. Proc. Entomol. Soc. B. C. 62: 25-27; 1965.

  • Doss, R. P. Root weevil feeding on Rhododendron: a review. J. Environ. Hort. 1(3): 67-71; 1983.

  • Doss, R. P. Extracts from rhododendron leaves inhibit root weevil feeding. Am. Nurseryman 159(11): 93-94; 1984.

  • Doss, R. P.; Shanks, C. H., Jr. Black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), phagostimulants from 'Alpine' strawberry. Environ. Entomol. 13: 691-695; 1984.

  • Doss, R. P.; Shanks, C. H., Jr. Effect of age on the feeding pattern of the adult black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 78: 322-325; 1985.

  • Doss, R. P.; Shanks, C. H., Jr.; Chamberlain, J. D.; Garth, J. K. L. Role of leaf hairs in resistance of a clone of beach strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis, to feeding by adult black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environ. Entomol. 16: 764-768; 1987.

  • Evenhuis, H. H. Control of the black weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent. 47: 675-678; 1982.

  • Gaugler, R.; Kaya, H. K. (eds.) Entomopathogenic nematodes in biological control. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 365 pp.; 1990.

  • Georgis, R.; Poinar, G. O., Jr. Greenhouse control of the black vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) by heterorhabditid and steinernematid nematodes. Environ. Entomol. 13: 1138-1140; 1984.

  • Hanula, J. L. Oviposition preference and host recognition by the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environ. Entomol. 17: 694-698; 1988.

  • Hanula, J. L. Monitoring adult emergence, ovary maturation, and control of the black vine weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 25: 134-142; 1990.

  • Hesjedal, K. Influence of the nitrogen content in strawberry leaves on the fecundity of the vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus F. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Acta. Agric. Scand. 34: 188-192; 1984.

  • LaLone, R. S.; Clarke, R. G. Larval development of Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and effects of larval density on larval mortality and injury to rhododendron. Environ. Entomol. 10: 190-191; 1981.

  • Maier, C. T. Reproductive success of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.), fed different foliar diets and evaluation of techniques for predicting fecundity. Environ. Entomol. 10: 928-932; 1981.

  • Maier, C. T. Use of trap-boards for detecting adults of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 85: 374-376; 1983.

  • Masaki, M.; Ohmura, K.; Ichinohe, F. Host range studies of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (fabricius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Appl. Ent. Zool. 19: 95-106; 1984.

  • Montgomery, M. E.; Nielsen, D. G. Embryonic development of Otiorhynchus sulcatus: effect of temperature and humidity. Ent. exp. & appl. 26: 24-32; 1979.

  • Mulgrew, S. M. Improved black vine weevil trapping. IPM Laboratories Quarterly 3(2): 1-3; 1991.

  • Nielsen, D. G. Comparative toxicities of insecticides to adult black vine weevils under laboratory conditions. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 18: 53-57; 1983.

  • Nielsen, D. G.; Dunlap, M. J. Black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus): reproductive potential on selected plants. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 74: 60-65; 1981.

  • Nielsen, D. G.; Montgomery, M. E. Toxicity and persistence of foliar insecticide sprays against black vine weevil adults. J. Econ. Entomol. 70: 510-512; 1977.

  • Nielsen, D. G.; Dunlap, M. J.; Boggs, J. F. Controlling black vine weevils; Amer. Nurserymen 147(7): 12-13; 1978.

  • Nielsen, D. G.; Niemczyk, H. D.; Balderston, D. P.; Purrington, F. F. Black vine weevil: resistance to dieldrin and sensitivity to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. J. Econ. Entomol. 68: 291-292; 1975.

  • Phillips, P. A. Simple monitoring of black vine weevil in vineyards. Cal. Agric. 43(3): 12-13; 1989.

  • Power, K. T.; Shetlar, D. J.; Niemczyk, H. D; Belcher, M. G.. Control of the Japanese beetle larvae on a golf course fairway in Tuscarawas County, OH. Insecticide & Acaricide Tests. 18: 324-325; 1993.

  • Rutherford, T. A.; Trotter, D.; Webster, J. M. The potential of heterorhabditid nematodes as control agents of root weevils. Can. Ent. 119: 67-73; 1987.

  • Shanks, C. H. Jr.; Finnigan, B. F. Temperature and relative humidity effects on eggs and first-stage larvae of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus. Environ. Entomol. 2: 855-858; 1973.

  • Shanks, C. H., Jr. Strawberry and yew as hosts of adult black vine weevil and effects on oviposition and development of progeny. Environ. Entomol. 9: 530-532; 1980.

  • Shanks, C. H. Jr.; Doss, R. P. Black vine weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feeding and oviposition on leaves of weevil-resistant and -susceptible strawberry clones presented in various quantities. Environ. Entomol. 15: 1074-1077; 1986.

  • Shanks, C. H., Jr.; Agudelo-Silva, F. Field pathogenicity and persistence of heterorhabditid and steinernematid nematodes (Nematoda) infecting black vine weevil larvae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in cranberry bogs. J. Econ. Entomol. 83: 107-110; 1990.

  • Simons, W. R.; Van der Schaaf, D. A. Infectivity of three Heterorhabditis isolates for Otiorhynchus sulcatus at different temperatures. In: Samson, R. A.; Vlak, J. M.; Peters, D. (eds.). Fundamental and applied aspects of invertebrate pathology. pp. 285-289; 1987.

  • Smith, F. F. Biology and control of the black vine weevil. U. S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 325. 45 pp; 1932.

  • Smitley, D. R. & Davis, T. W. European chafer larvae control. Insecticide & Acaricide Tests. 18: 343-344; 1993.

  • Soares, G. G. Jr.; Marchal, M.; Ferron, P. Susceptibility of Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae to Metarhizium anisopliae and Metarhizium flavoviride (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) at two different temperatures. Environ. Entomol. 12: 1887-1891; 1983.

  • Zimmerman, G.; Simons, W. Experiences with biological control of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.). In: Samson, R. A.; Vlak, J. M.; Peters, D. (eds.). Fundamental and applied aspects of invertebrate pathology. pp. 529-533; 1987.

List of Figures
  • Figure 1. Adult Otiorhynchus sulcatus.

  • Figure 2. Black vine weevil feeding notches in rhododendron leaves.

  • Figure 3. Last instar black vine weevil larvae.

  • Figure 4. Black vine weevil pupae.

Introduction & General Biology Management Options & Adulticides Adult exclusion & Conventional larvicides
Biological control of larvae & Summary   References

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Last modified on March 06, 2013